Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary palakkad kerala


Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is a 285 km² Protected area in Chittur taluk in Palakkad district of Kerala state, South India. Established in 1973, it is in the Sungam range of hills between the Anaimalai Hills and Nelliampathy Hills. The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, including all of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary,Lying in the southern part of Western Ghat, immediately south of Palghat gap, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary exhibits mountainous terrain.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary palakkad kerala
 The Altitude ranges between 300m and 1438m above MSL. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary are 7 major valleys and 3 major river systems. Geologically the sanctuary has Hornblende biotite gnesis and charnockites. Major peaks in the sanctuary are Karimala (1438m), Pandaravarai (1290m) ,Kuchimudi, Vengoli (1120m) and Puliyarapadam (1010m). Apart from the natural rivers and streams, the sanctuary possesses  three man-made reservoirs namely Parambikulam, Thunacadavu and Peruvaripallam whose cumulative waterspread is 20.66 sq. km.The sanctuary has three man-made reservoirs; Parambikulam, Thunacadavu and Peruvaripallam, with a combined area of 20.66 km². The Thuvaiar water falls empty into one of the reservoirs. There are 7 major valleys and 3 major rivers, the Parambikulam, the Sholayar and the Thekkedy. The Karappara river and Kuriarkutty river also drain the area

Fauna
Mammals- Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary Important mammals include: Lion-tailed Macaques, Nilgiri Tahr, elephants, Bengal tigers, Indian leopards, Wild boar, Sambar, Bonnet Macaques, Nilgiri Langurs, Sloth Bears, Nilgiri Marten Small Travancore Flying Squirrel and Gaur.

Reptiles- Reptiles of very high importance in Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary include: King cobra, Kerala sheildtail, Travancore kukri snake, Travancore wolf snake, Cochin cane turtle, Travancore tortoise,. rock python, Malabar pit viper, Travancore tortoise, South Indian forest ground gecko, South Indian rock lizard, Mountain 

Fish- Fish  include Parambikulam Wildlife  Sanctuary  Aral, bral, vattudi, tilapia, noori, mooshu, poochutti, kollotty, exyprius and taral

Birds - Lesser adjutant stork, Grey-headed Fish-eagle Peninsular bay owl, Broad-billed roller and Great pied hornbill. Other birds include: Darter, Little Cormorant, Black eagle, Black-capped kingfisher, Great Indian hornbill, and Black woodpecker

Flora
List of flora  include in parambikulam wildlife sanctuary - Justicia, Strobilanthes,Dracaena, Sansevieria, Alangium, Alternanthera, Amaranthus, Pancratium, Pothos, Lagenandra, Schefflera, Aralia, Calamus, Aristolochia, Thottea, Ceropegia, Hoya Blumea, Vernonia, Heliotropium, Cordia, Brassica, Cardamine, Burmannia, Haplothismia , Canarium, Commiphora 

How to get There Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary 

Approach By Road -From Palakkad (Kerala) - 100 km,   From Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) - 84 km, From Pollachi (Tamil Nadu) - 38 km
 Nearest Railway Station - Palakkad (Kerala) - 100 km, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) - 84 km

Best season:
The best time to visit Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary is just after the mansoons between August and February
Visiting Hours: 7.00 am to 6.00 pm (Entry closes at 4 PM)
Entrance fee: (per day)

Vehicles Heavy Vehicle : Rs. 150.00
Light Vehicle :Rs. 50.00
Others : Rs. 20 .00
Person (Indian)Adults :Rs. 10.00
Children below 12 year and bonafied students on tour
Students : Rs. 5.00
Foreigners: Rs. 100.00
Camera Video/Movie (non professional )150.00
Ordinary Camera Rs. 25.00
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