Eravikulam National Park Munnar Idukki District Kerala

Eravikulam National Park 15 km from Munnar Idukki District Kerala ,India. Eravikulam National Park is a 97 km² national park located along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala in India, between 10º05'N - 10º20'N latitude and 77º0'E - 77º10'E longitude.Originally established to protect the Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiri Ibex), the Eravikulam National Park is situated in the Devikulam Taluk of the Idukki District. It was declared as a sanctuary in 1975. Considering the ecological, faunal, floral, geo-morphological and zoological significance, it was declared as a National park in 1978. It covers an area of 97 sq kms of rolling grasslands and high level sholas (evergreen forests). The park is breathtakingly beautiful and is easily comparable to the best mountain ranges found anywhere in the world. .

Eravikulam National Park Munnar Idukki District Kerala
Flora & Fauna
Eravikulam National Park harbors the largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). This endangers animal is endemic to the southern Western Ghats. Its nearest relative is the Himalayan tahr. The fully grown male is known as 'saddle back' is much bigger and darker than the female and has a silvery saddle like patch on its back. Mating takes place during monsoons and the birth season is January-February. The estimated population of tahr inside the park is about 700. Wild dog, leoperd and tiger are the main predators. Apart from tahr, other little known animals such as Nilgiri marten, small clawed otter, ruddy mongoose, and dusky striped squirrel are also found. Elephants make seasonal visits.

About 120 species of birds have been recorded which include endemics like black and ornage flycatcher, Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri wood pegeon, white bellied shortwing, Nilgiri verditer flycatcher and Kerala laughing thrush. Endemics confined to the shola-grass land ecosystem like the red disk bushbrown and Palni fourwing are among the 100 odd butterflies listed inside the park.
The shola-grassland ecosystem is a strange admixture of temprature and tropical qualities due to the combined effects of altitude as well as latitude. It is exceptionally rich in orchids and balsams. The spectacular mass flowering of the shrub neelakurunji (Phlebophyllum kunthianum) takes place in the grasslands in cycles of the 12yrs.

 Nearest Airport -The park is accessible from Kochi (Kerala) and Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) airports, which are located at about 148 Km and 175 Km respectively. Munnar is the nearest town (13km.), well connected by roads from Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  Nearest Railway station  - The nearest railway station in Kerala is Aluva (120 Km away from Munnar) and in Tamil Nadu is Coimbatore (165 Km)

The only motorable road inside the Park, passes through the southern extremity inside the tourism zone (Rajamala) to the Rajamallay tea estate. Another road head leads to the Lakkom Muduvakudy on the periphery and is not usable at present. All other movements inside the Park are on foot along trails and footpaths.

Public conveyance facilities like buses and taxi, telephone, fax, postal, internet and e-mail facilities are available at Munnar. Boarding and lodging facilities of various categories exist in this small township.

Entry Fee
Entry fee for Indians - Rs. 15/- per head per day
Entry fee for foreigners - Rs. 200/- per head per day
Entry fee for children below 12 years 
and bonafied students on tour - Rs. 5/- per head per day
Fee for video and movie cameras- Rs. 2000/- day
Fee for ordinary cameras - Rs. 25/- per day
Entry fee for vehicles  
Heavy vehicles -Rs. 200/- day
Light vehicles -Rs. 50/- per day
Others (Two and three wheelers)-  Rs. 20/- per day
Film Shooting  
Commercial Film Rs. 10,000/- per day
Documentary/Education film 
/Commercial Photography Rs. 5,000/- per day
Security deposit for all categories of film Rs. 10,000/- per day
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